CDC Releases New Birth Data
The CDC has released a flood of birth data recently, including preliminary data on births in 2006, a final report on 2005 births, and teen pregnancy data that shows the rate rising for the first time since 1991. Some highlights from the 2005 data, which is more complete at this time than the data for 2006:
There were 6,722 births to women under 15 years of age, 0.1% of all births. For 6,592 of them (98% of births to <15s), this was their first child, but for 101 (1.5%) it was their 2nd, for 5 it was their 3rd (0.07%), and for 1 it was her 4th child. How in the world, in the United States, does a girl under 15 manage to be on her 4th birth? [Note that the teen pregnancy rates in the relevant table don't address marital status]
Women ages 25-29 are the most “productive,” followed by 20-to-24-year-olds, then 30-to-34-year-olds.
30.3% of births were via c-section. From state to state, c-section rates ranged from 21.6% (Utah) to 36.3% (New Jersey). Puerto Rico had a c-section rate of 48.1%.
22% of births were induced. While 15.4% of Hispanic women and 19.7% of black women were induced, 26.5% of white women were induced.
7.4% of births were attended* by a certified nurse midwife. 96.6% of those took place in hospitals, 3.4% were in freestanding birth centers, and 1.3% were in homes.
Midwives who were not CNMs attended 10,643 (43.5% of) home births, compared with 4,034 home births (16.5%) attended by CNMs.
1,630 home births (6.7% of total births in residences) are reported as attended by MDs. I’m really curious about this, and whether these were all folks with a doctor in the family, because getting an MD to attend a home birth is fairly unusual.
*Note that attendant data includes “other” and “unspecified,” so the percentages may not be exact if some providers were not counted into the correct categories.